Surah Baqarah Explanation
30. Behold, your Lord said to the angels: ‘I will create a vicegerent on earth.’ They said: ‘Will You place there one who will make mischief there and shed blood?- whilst we celebrate your praises and glorify your holy (name)?’ He said: ‘I know what you are doing not know. ‘
31. And He taught Adam the names o of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: ‘Tell me the names of those if you’re right.
32 They said: ‘Glory to You, of information we’ve got none, save what you have got taught us: in fact, it’s You who are perfect in knowledge and wisdom. ‘
33. He said: ‘Adam! Tell them their names. ‘ When he had told them, Allah said: ‘Did I not tell you that I do know the secrets of heaven and earth, and ‘l know what you reveal and what you conceal?’
34. And behold, We said to the angels: ‘Bow right down to Adam and that they burdened. Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: he was of those who reject faith.
35. We said: ‘Adam! You and your wife dwell within the Garden and eat of the bountiful things in it as you want. But don’t approach this tree, otherwise, you will run into harm and transgression. ‘
36. Then Satan made them slip from there, and got them out of what they’d been in. We said: ‘Go down, with enmity between yourselves. On earth are going to be -your dwelling place and your means of livelihood, for a time. ‘
37. Then Adam learned from his Lord’s words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for he’s often returning, most merciful.
These verses of Surah Baqarah speak of the creation of man, the high station and destiny intended for him, particularly with relevance to his being appointed the Khalifa or vicegerent of Allah on earth, his excellence in knowledge over other creatures, including the angels; his endowment with special faculties and abilities; his fall and also the hope held bent on him.
When Allah informed the angels of the creation of Hazrat Adam, they put a matter to Him on why He wanted to form a being who would release and build mischief within the land. This wasn’t an objection raised by the angel for they might not dare to object to any scheme or plan of Allah. The Quran says:
“Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: I will be able to create a vicegerent on earth. They said: “Wilt thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and bleed (2: 30)
Allah bestowed knowledge on Hazrat Adam He told the angels to prostrate before Hazrat Adam. This shows that knowledge granted by Allah is every one of the basic principles of the superiority of man over all other creatures who are then considered capable of being the vicegerent of Allah on earth.
At Allah’s command, all the angels prostrated except Iblis who refused to prostrate. Allah condemned Iblis forever for not obeying His orders indicating the superiority of Hazrat Adam over Iblis.
The Quran says:
“Then We bade the angels bow right down to Adam and that they bowed down; not so Iblis, he refused to be of these who bow down. ” (7: 11). This has also been mentioned in 15: 30-35, 7: 11-25 and 38: 71-78.
Hazrat Adam and his wife got permission from Allah to measure within the garden of Paradise and eat its bountiful things. the sole prohibition was with respect to eating from a specific tree. The Quran says:
“O Adam, dwell thou and thy wife within the Garden and revel in (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression. ” (7:19)
Allah had created Hazrat Adam as His vicegerent and he had to follow and enforce His command .out of his own understanding and power and to decide to obey and avoid disobedience to Allah.
The tree was chosen with the aim of trying to determine how far Hazrat Adam and his wife remained constant in obedience to Allah’s command. The garden was a really suitable place for this trial because it absolutely was meant to indicate that Paradise alone was a fit place for Allah’s vicegerent, but if he yielded to satanic temptations, he would deprive himself of it and would be a loser as a result of his own choice
Iblis, out of malice and jealousy persuaded Hazrat Adam and his wife to eat the fruit from the forbidden tree which they did. Allah ordered them to travel down from Heaven and survive earth where they’d find provisions. Allah informed them that Satan is the enemy of man as he beguiles them from the trail of Allah to the trail of destruction. The Quran says:
“(Allah) said: Get ye down, with enmity between yourselves. On earth are going to be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time. ” (7: 24)
Hazrat Adam realize his mistake and wanted to repent. Allah took pity on him, and taught: him the words of forgiveness for Allah forgives the sins of His servants after they repent.
This shows that man, as created by Allah is innocent and knows no evil. But the college of choice which is given to him implies that he has the capacity of evil ‘which he’s to reject. he’s given an opportunity during this life to create good and recover the lost state of innocence and bliss through repentance. The Quran says:
“If anybody does evil, or wrongs his own soul, but afterwards seeks Ällah ‘s forgiveness, he will find Allah oft —forgiving, Most Merciful. ” (4: 110)