Combining Prayer – Jama’ah
The two afternoon prayers, Zuhr and Asr may be combined when one is on a journey and so may the two night prayrs, Maghrib and Isha (Bukhari). Such a combination is also allowed in bad weather.
According to a hadis, this combination is allowed even when there is neither journey nor rain. A companion reported that the Prophet combined the Zuhr and Asr prayers and the Maghrib and Isha prayers when there was neither journey nor fear and when asked why he did it, he answered, “so that my followers may not be in difficulty” (Muslim).
According to another report, this combination was effected in Madina when there was neither fear nor rain (Muslim). This combination is called Jama’ah bain as-Salatain or the combination of two prayers. Both prayers may be said at the time of the earlier prayer which is called Jama’ah Taqdim or an earlier combination or at the time of the late prayer, which is called Jama’ah Takhir, or a late combination.